National Parks

ByDr. Girish Chandra

NATIONAL PARKS OF INDIA

(Dr. Girish Chandra)

 

            In the 13th century, Marco Polo, in his “Book of marvels”, described India as a wonderous land filled with curious animals such as elephants, rhinos, great striped cats. Indian wildlife is very rich and varied. Many national parks were the private hunting grounds of maharajas until 1947. India's first national park was established in 1935 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats and conservation of endangered species. There are 99 existing national parks in India covering an area of 38,155 km2, which is 1.19% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, March 2009).

 

LIST OF NATIONAL PARKS

 

     Name                   State          Year started        Area (in km²)  

 

1. Anshi National Park      Karnataka     1987     250

2. Balphakram National Park         Meghalaya           1986         220

3. Bandhavgarh National Park          Madhya Pradesh    1982         448.85

4. Bandipur National Park        Karnataka           1974           874.20

5. Bannerghatta National Park              Karnataka            1974        104.27

6. Vansda National Park         Gujarat         1979            23.99

7. Betla National Park        Jharkhand          1986            231.67

8. Bhitarkanika National Park           Orissa              1988             145

9. Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar           Gujarat         1976          34.08

10. Buxa Tiger Reserve           West Bengal            1992             117.10

11. Campbell Bay National Park           Andaman & Nicobar          1992     426.23

12. Chandoli National Park          Maharashtra         2004               317.67

13. Corbett National Park           Uttarakhand          1936          520.82

14. Dachigam National Park            Jammu & Kashmir         1981         141

15. Desert National Park           Rajasthan         1980           3162

16. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park            Assam 1999 340

17. Dudhwa National Park          Uttar Pradesh      1977          490.29

18. Eravikulam National Park           Kerala        1978         97

19. Fossil National Park            Madhya Pradesh       1983          0.27

20. Galathea National Park            Andaman & Nicobar        1992         110

21. Gangotri National Park        Uttarakhand        1989          1552.73

22. Gir National Park         Gujarat          1975             258.71

23. Gorumara National Park           West Bengal           1994              79.45

24. Govind Pashu Vihar           Uttarakhand          1990           472.08

25. Great Himalayan National Park           Himachal Pradesh    1984      754.40

26. Gugamal National Park          Maharashtra            1987               361.28

27. Guindy National Park          Tamil Nadu          1976            2.82

28. Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park        Gujarat        1980        162.89

29. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park            Tamil Nadu         1980      6.23

30. Hemis National Park          Jammu & Kashmir         1981         4100

31. Hazaribag National Park          Jharkhand           183.89

32. Indira Gandhi National Park          Tamil Nadu         1989             117.10

33. Indravati National Park              Chhattisgarh         1981          1258.37

34. Intanki National Park         Nagaland           1993          202.02

35. Kalesar National Park          Haryana             2003           100.88

36. Kanha National Park         Madhya Pradesh          1955             940

37. Kanger Ghati National Park            Chhattisgarh        1982           200

38. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park        Andhra Pradesh     1994       1.42

39. Kaziranga National Park          Assam            1974              429.98

40. Keibul Lamjao National Park          Manipur           1977           40

41. Keoladeo National Park            Rajasthan             1981             28.73

42. Khangchendzonga National Park             Sikkim              1977             1784

43. Kishtwar National Park           Jammu & Kashmir          1981           400

44. Kudremukh National Park           Karnataka            1987          600.32

45. Madhav National Park         Madhya Pradesh           1959              375.22

46. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park    Andaman & Nicobar    1983      281.50

47. Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park         Andhra Pradesh     1994      14.59

48. Manas National Park           Assam           1990              500

49. Mathikettan Shola National Park             Kerala           2003            12.82

50. Middle Button Island National Park       Andaman & Nicobar         1987         0.64

51. Mollem National Park           Goa             1978              107

52. Mouling National Park          Arunachal Pradesh            1986            483

53. Mount Abu National Park          Rajasthan          1960             288

54. Mount Harriet National Park            Andaman & Nicobar          1987           46.62

55. Mrugavani National Park            Andhra Pradesh           1994           3.60

56. Mudumalai National Park           Tamil Nadu          1990         103.24

57. Mukurthi National Park                    Tamil Nadu               1990           78.46

58. Murlen National Park          Mizoram             1991                200

59. Nagarhole National Park             Karnataka             1988               643.39

60. Namdapha National Park          Arunachal Pradesh       1983             1985.23

61. Nameri National Park         Assam           1998             200

62. Nanda Devi National Park           Uttarakhand           1982          630.00

63. Navegaon National Park            Maharashtra          1975          133.88

64. Neora Valley National Park         West Bengal           1986          88

65. Nokrek National Park        Meghalaya            1986              47.48

66. North Button Island National Park         Andaman & Nicobar    1987           0.44

67. Orang National Park          Assam          1999            78.80

68. Palani Hills National Park            Tamil Nadu           736.87

69. Panna National Park         Madhya Pradesh           1973            542.67

70. Pench National Park         Madhya Pradesh             1975          292.85

71. Pench National Park          Maharashtra              1975            257.26

72. Periyar National Park           Kerala            1982 350

73. Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park            Mizoram              1997 50

74. Pin Valley National Park         Himachal Pradesh         1987             675

75. Rajaji National Park            Uttarakhand            1983            820.42

76. Rajiv Gandhi National Park          karnataka            2003           200

77. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park         Andaman & Nicobar     1996      256.14

78. Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan          1980              392

79. Saddle Peak National Park            Andaman & Nicobar            1987       32.54

80. Salim Ali National Park         Jammu & Kashmir          1992           9.07

81. Sanjay National Park           Chhattisgarh          1981            1471.13

82. Sanjay National Park         Madhya Pradesh            1981            466.88

83. Sanjay Gandhi National Park Mumbai         Maharashtra      1983           86.96

84. Sariska National Park           Rajasthan         1982           273.80

85. Satpura National Park           Madhya Pradesh           1981          585.17

86. Silent Valley National Park          Kerala              1984           89.52

87. Sirohi National Park           Manipur           1982            0.41

88. Simlipal National Park            Orissa           1980               845.70

89. Singalila National Park             West Bengal           1992            78.60

90. South Button Is National Park           Andaman & Nicobar    1987    0.03

91. Sri Venkateswara National Park         Andhra Pradesh       1989       353.62

92. Sultanpur National Park          Haryana         1989         1.43

93. Sundarbans National Park          West Bengal          1984          1330.10

94. Tadoba National Park          Maharashtra         1955          116.55

95. Valley of Flowers National Park           Uttarakhand         1982         87.50

96. Valmiki National Park          Bihar          1989             335.65

97. Van Vihar National Park            Madhya Pradesh          1979         4.45

 

State wise List of National Parks

 

(Sequence given below is: Name of National Park, Year of establishment, Area (in

sq.km) and District where located).

 

 

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Campbell Bay NP, 1992, 429.00, Nicobar

Galathea Bay NP, 1992, 110.00, Nicobar

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP, 1983, 281.50, Andaman

Middle Button Island NP 1987 0.64 Andaman

Mount Harriett NP 1987 46.62 Andaman

North Button Island NP 1987 0.44 Andaman

Rani Jhansi Marine NP 1996 256.14 Andaman

Saddle Peak NP 1987 32.54 Andaman

South Button Island NP 1987 0.03 Andaman

 

Andhra Pradesh

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP 1994 1.425 Hyderabad

Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP 1994 14.59 Hyderabad

Mrugavani NP 1994 3.60 Hyderabad

Sri Venkateswara NP 1989 353.62 Chittoor,Cuddapah

 

Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling NP 1986 483.00 Upper Siang

Namdapha NP 1983 1807.82 Changlang

 

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa NP 1999 340.00 Tinsukia,Dibrugarh

Kaziranga NP 1974 429.98 Golaghat, Nagaon, Sonitpur

Manas NP 1990 500.00 Barpeta, Bongaigaon

Nameri NP 1998 200.00 Sonitpur

Orang NP 1998 78.81 Darrang,Sonitpur

 

Bihar

Valmiki NP 1989 335.65 Pashchim Champaran

 

Chhattishgarh

Indravati NP 1982 1258.37 Dantewada

Kangerghati NP 1982 200.00 Bastar

Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) NP 1981 1440.705 Surguja, Koria

 

Goa

Mollem NP 1992 107.00 North Goa

 

Gujarat

Bansda NP 1979 23.99 Valsad

Blackbuck NP 1976 34.52 Bhavnagar

Gir NP 1975 258.71 Junagadh

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP 1982 162.89 Jamnagar

.

Haryana

Kalesar NP 2003 46.82 Yamuna Nagar

Sultanpur NP 1989 1.43 Gurgaon

 

Himachal Pradesh

Great Himalayan NP 1984 755.00 Kullu

Pin Valley NP 1987 675.00 Lahul & Spiti

 

Jammu & Kashmir

City Forest (Salim Ali) NP 1992 9.00 Srinagar

Dachigam NP 1981 171.25 Srinagar/ Pulwama

Hemis NP 1981 3350.00 Leh

Kishtwar NP 1981 400.00 Doda

 

Jharkhand

Betla NP 1986 231.67 Palamau